RA causes long terms complications for some people, due to increased inflammation throughout the body. This is known as systematic arthritis or inflammatory arthritis (8). The complications of RA include:
- High risk for heart disease.
- Heart problem and nerve damage caused by decreased circulation and inflammation of blood vessels.
- Shorten of breath and chest pain.
- Carpel tunnel syndrome
- Frequent headaches.
- Bone pain and bone thinning.
- Kidney problem and fluid retention.
- Fatigue and anemia.
- Enlarged spleen and low blood cell.
- Skin rashes, redness, heat, and ulcers near the nail beds.
- Frequent infections in the mouth and gums.
- Appetite change, weight gain or weight loss.
What Causes Rheumatoid Arthritis?
it is an autoimmune disease which triggered due to faulty reaction of immune system that cause certain chemicals to mistakenly attack the body’s own healthy tissue. The cause of RA is the type of inflammation that which develops in the “synovium” the tissue that lines the joints.
Why would the immune system attack the body and create inflammation in tissue?
The inflammation associated with RA can be triggered by a number of factors and risk factors (9)include:
- Poor gut health or leaky gut syndrome.
- A poor diet and food allergies(food include refined fried food and too much sugar) 10.
- Obesity especially if someone was obese before age of 55.
- Genetic factor contain genes can effects the immune.
- Toxicity due to things like environmental toxin exposure and endocrine disruptors.
- Autoimmune disorder or low immune function due to other medical condition.
- Smoking cigarettes.
According to the American college of Rheumatoid, it can be hard to properly diagnose and differentiated from other autoimmune disease9 like lupus or fibromyalgia), because their symptoms can all be similar at times. A rheumatologist (a doctor who specializes in disease that affects the joints, bones and muscles) makes a diagnosis by evaluating a patient’s symptoms, medical history, family history and life style. There are some ways that help a doctor to make a diagnosis like taking a complete medical history, having a physical exam performed and sometimes getting x-rays or a blood test.
Rheumatoid Arthritis vs. Lupus vs. Osteoarthritis:
Lupus is another autoimmune disorder that’s systematic in nature and it can cause similar symptoms to rheumatoid arthritis. Lupus can effect the nerves, blood vessels, heart, kidneys, liver and endocrine system. Symptoms of lupus are also occur in flare ups and can include achiness, fatigue, swelling, joint pain, rashes and fever.
There are few differences exist between lupus and RA. One of the difference is that lupus commonly causes a hallmark “butterfly rash” on the face and usually also noticeable fatigue. Doctors use a combination of test that help to differentiate the two and make proper diagnose, including antibody blood tests, c-reactive protein tests, urine tests, medical examination and family history (11).
The lupus foundation of America points out that its possible for person with lupus to have rheumatoid arthritis and also lupus at the same time. Doctors call this “overlap”. This overlap diagnose is made when a patient meets the official criteria for two autoimmune disease, in this case it can be hard to tell which disorder cause symptoms (12).
So how can you tell the difference between RA (autoimmune arthritis)and osteoarthritis( non-autoimmune arthritis)?